When considering disaster preparedness, keep in mind that what survival gear and emergency supplies you add to your bug out bag and then pack for your survival kit can mean the difference between life and death, or at least affect your level of comfort if SHTF and you had to get outta dodge.
Read this article to find out what you should consider putting in your bug out bag. Graywolf Survival Emergency preparedness from a Counterintelligence Agent. Emergency preparedness from a Counterintelligence Agent. Is Big Brother spying on your computer — with your own cell phone? About graywolfsurvival. Comments Vincent Nunes says. August 25, at pm. That was the intention of making these devices available…to serve a purpose. That purpose was data collection. It has no power over you if you refuse it such.
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I grew up in the woods and spent a lifetime in various environments from deserts to jungles to politically-sensitive urban environments, and I'm here to tell you what I know. Prepper Short Stories. Feeling Lost? In the United States , the Department of Homeland Security awards billions of dollars per year in Homeland Security grants for local, state, and federal agencies to install modern video surveillance equipment. Speaking in , Chicago Mayor Richard Daley announced that Chicago would have a surveillance camera on every street corner by the year In the United Kingdom , the vast majority of video surveillance cameras are not operated by government bodies, but by private individuals or companies, especially to monitor the interiors of shops and businesses.
In the Netherlands, one example city where there are cameras is The Hague. There, cameras are placed in city districts in which the most illegal activity is concentrated. Examples are the red-light districts and the train stations. They will be connected to a centralized database and monitoring station, which will, upon completion of the project, contain a picture of the face of every person in China: over 1.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA is funding a research project called Combat Zones That See that will link up cameras across a city to a centralized monitoring station, identify and track individuals and vehicles as they move through the city, and report "suspicious" activity such as waving arms, looking side-to-side, standing in a group, etc. At Super Bowl XXXV in January , police in Tampa, Florida, used Identix's facial recognition software, FaceIt, to scan the crowd for potential criminals and terrorists in attendance at the event  it found 19 people with pending arrest warrants.
Governments often  initially claim that cameras are meant to be used for traffic control , but many of them end up using them for general surveillance. For example, Washington, D. The development of centralized networks of CCTV cameras watching public areas — linked to computer databases of people's pictures and identity biometric data , able to track people's movements throughout the city, and identify whom they have been with — has been argued by some to present a risk to civil liberties.
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One common form of surveillance is to create maps of social networks based on data from social networking sites such as Facebook , MySpace , Twitter as well as from traffic analysis information from phone call records such as those in the NSA call database ,  and others. Many U. These types of threats are most easily countered by finding important nodes in the network, and removing them.
To do this requires a detailed map of the network. Jason Ethier of Northeastern University, in his study of modern social network analysis, said the following of the Scalable Social Network Analysis Program developed by the Information Awareness Office :. The purpose of the SSNA algorithms program is to extend techniques of social network analysis to assist with distinguishing potential terrorist cells from legitimate groups of people In order to be successful SSNA will require information on the social interactions of the majority of people around the globe.
Since the Defense Department cannot easily distinguish between peaceful citizens and terrorists, it will be necessary for them to gather data on innocent civilians as well as on potential terrorists. Some people believe that the use of social networking sites is a form of "participatory surveillance", where users of these sites are essentially performing surveillance on themselves, putting detailed personal information on public websites where it can be viewed by corporations and governments.
Examples of mostly behavioral characteristics include gait a person's manner of walking or voice. Facial recognition is the use of the unique configuration of a person's facial features to accurately identify them, usually from surveillance video. Another form of behavioral biometrics, based on affective computing , involves computers recognizing a person's emotional state based on an analysis of their facial expressions, how fast they are talking, the tone and pitch of their voice, their posture, and other behavioral traits.
This might be used for instance to see if a person's behavior is suspect looking around furtively, "tense" or "angry" facial expressions, waving arms, etc. A more recent development is DNA profiling , which looks at some of the major markers in the body's DNA to produce a match. The computers running the database are contained in an underground facility about the size of two American football fields.
The Los Angeles Police Department is installing automated facial recognition and license plate recognition devices in its squad cars, and providing handheld face scanners, which officers will use to identify people while on patrol. Facial thermographs are in development, which allow machines to identify certain emotions in people such as fear or stress, by measuring the temperature generated by blood flow to different parts of the face.
In his paper in Ethics and Information Technology , Avi Marciano maps the harms caused by biometric surveillance, traces their theoretical origins, and brings these harms together in one integrative framework to elucidate their cumulative power. Marciano proposes four types of harms: Unauthorized use of bodily information, denial or limitation of access to physical spaces, bodily social sorting, and symbolic ineligibility through construction of marginality and otherness.
Biometrics' social power, according to Marciano, derives from three main features: their complexity as "enigmatic technologies", their objective-scientific image, and their increasing agency, particularly in the context of automatic decision-making. Aerial surveillance is the gathering of surveillance, usually visual imagery or video, from an airborne vehicle—such as an unmanned aerial vehicle , helicopter , or spy plane. Military surveillance aircraft use a range of sensors e.
Digital imaging technology, miniaturized computers, and numerous other technological advances over the past decade have contributed to rapid advances in aerial surveillance hardware such as micro-aerial vehicles , forward-looking infrared , and high-resolution imagery capable of identifying objects at extremely long distances.
For instance, the MQ-9 Reaper ,  a U. The United States Department of Homeland Security is in the process of testing UAVs to patrol the skies over the United States for the purposes of critical infrastructure protection , border patrol, " transit monitoring ", and general surveillance of the U. The United Kingdom , as well, is working on plans to build up a fleet of surveillance UAVs ranging from micro-aerial vehicles to full-size drones , to be used by police forces throughout the U.
In addition to their surveillance capabilities, MAVs are capable of carrying tasers for " crowd control ", or weapons for killing enemy combatants. They have developed systems consisting of large teams drone planes that pilot themselves, automatically decide who is "suspicious" and how to go about monitoring them, coordinate their activities with other drones nearby, and notify human operators if something suspicious is occurring. This greatly increases the amount of area that can be continuously monitored, while reducing the number of human operators required.
Thus a swarm of automated, self-directing drones can automatically patrol a city and track suspicious individuals, reporting their activities back to a centralized monitoring station. Corporate surveillance is the monitoring of a person or group's behavior by a corporation. The data collected is most often used for marketing purposes or sold to other corporations, but is also regularly shared with government agencies. Although there is a common belief that monitoring can increase productivity, it can also create consequences such as increasing chances of deviant behavior and creating punishments that are not equitable to their actions.
Data mining is the application of statistical techniques and programmatic algorithms to discover previously unnoticed relationships within the data. Data profiling can be an extremely powerful tool for psychological and social network analysis. A skilled analyst can discover facts about a person that they might not even be consciously aware of themselves. Economic such as credit card purchases and social such as telephone calls and emails transactions in modern society create large amounts of stored data and records.
In the past, this data was documented in paper records, leaving a " paper trail ", or was simply not documented at all. Correlation of paper-based records was a laborious process—it required human intelligence operators to manually dig through documents, which was time-consuming and incomplete, at best. But today many of these records are electronic, resulting in an " electronic trail ". Every use of a bank machine, payment by credit card, use of a phone card, call from home, checked out library book, rented video, or otherwise complete recorded transaction generates an electronic record.
Public records—such as birth, court, tax and other records—are increasily being digitized and made available online. In addition, due to laws like CALEA , web traffic and online purchases are also available for profiling. Electronic record-keeping makes data easily collectable, storable, and accessible—so that high-volume, efficient aggregation and analysis is possible at significantly lower costs. Information relating to many of these individual transactions is often easily available because it is generally not guarded in isolation, since the information, such as the title of a movie a person has rented, might not seem sensitive.
However, when many such transactions are aggregated they can be used to assemble a detailed profile revealing the actions, habits, beliefs, locations frequented, social connections , and preferences of the individual. The centers will collect and analyze vast amounts of data on U. It will get this data by consolidating personal information from sources such as state driver's licensing agencies, hospital records, criminal records, school records, credit bureaus, banks, etc.
Under United States v. Miller , data held by third parties is generally not subject to Fourth Amendment warrant requirements. Organizations that have enemies who wish to gather information about the groups' members or activities face the issue of infiltration. In addition to operatives' infiltrating an organization, the surveilling party may exert pressure on certain members of the target organization to act as informants i.
Fielding operatives is very expensive, and for governments with wide-reaching electronic surveillance tools at their disposal the information recovered from operatives can often be obtained from less problematic forms of surveillance such as those mentioned above. Nevertheless, human infiltrators are still common today. For instance, in documents surfaced showing that the FBI was planning to field a total of 15, undercover agents and informants in response to an anti-terrorism directive sent out by George W.
On May 25, the U. Director of National Intelligence Michael McConnell authorized the National Applications Office NAO of the Department of Homeland Security to allow local, state, and domestic Federal agencies to access imagery from military intelligence Reconnaissance satellites and Reconnaissance aircraft sensors which can now be used to observe the activities of U.
The satellites and aircraft sensors will be able to penetrate cloud cover, detect chemical traces, and identify objects in buildings and "underground bunkers", and will provide real-time video at much higher resolutions than the still-images produced by programs such as Google Earth. One of the simplest forms of identification is the carrying of credentials.
Some nations have an identity card system to aid identification, whilst others are considering it but face public opposition.
Other documents, such as passports , driver's licenses, library cards , banking or credit cards are also used to verify identity. If the form of the identity card is "machine-readable", usually using an encoded magnetic stripe or identification number such as a Social Security number , it corroborates the subject's identifying data. In this case it may create an electronic trail when it is checked and scanned, which can be used in profiling, as mentioned above. This section refers to traking methods that involve the monitoring of devices through the aid of wireless signals.
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Mobile carrier antennas are also commonly used to collect geolocation data on mobile phones. The geographical location of a powered mobile phone and thus the person carrying it can be determined easily whether it is being used or not , using a technique known as multilateration to calculate the differences in time for a signal to travel from the cell phone to each of several cell towers near the owner of the phone.
Victor Kappeler  of Eastern Kentucky University indicates that police surveillance is a strong concern, stating the following statistics from Of the , law enforcement requests made to Verizon, 54, of these requests were for "content" or "location" information—not just cell phone numbers or IP addresses. Content information included the actual text of messages, emails and the wiretapping of voice or messaging content in real-time. A comparatively new off-the-shelf surveillance device is an IMSI-catcher , a telephone eavesdropping device used to intercept mobile phone traffic and track the movement of mobile phone users.
Essentially a "fake" mobile tower acting between the target mobile phone and the service provider's real towers, it is considered a man-in-the-middle MITM attack. IMSI-catchers are used in some countries by law enforcement and intelligence agencies , but their use has raised significant civil liberty and privacy concerns and is strictly regulated in some countries. Radio Frequency Identification RFID tagging is the use of very small electronic devices called "RFID tags" which are applied to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification and tracking using radio waves.
The tags can be read from several meters away.
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They are extremely inexpensive, costing a few cents per piece, so they can be inserted into many types of everyday products without significantly increasing the price, and can be used to track and identify these objects for a variety of purposes. Workers in U. This information could be used for identification, tracking, or targeted marketing. As of [update] , this has largely not come to pass. A human microchip implant is an identifying integrated circuit device or RFID transponder encased in silicate glass and implanted in the body of a human being.
A subdermal implant typically contains a unique ID number that can be linked to information contained in an external database, such as personal identification, medical history, medications, allergies, and contact information. Several types of microchips have been developed in order to control and monitor certain types of people, such as criminals, political figures and spies, [ clarification needed ] a "killer" tracking chip patent was filed at the German Patent and Trademark Office DPMA around May Verichip is slightly larger than a grain of rice, and is injected under the skin.
The injection reportedly feels similar to receiving a shot.
The chip is encased in glass, and stores a "VeriChip Subscriber Number" which the scanner uses to access their personal information, via the Internet, from Verichip Inc. Thousands of people have already had them inserted. In the U. Several cities are running pilot projects to require parolees to wear GPS devices to track their movements when they get out of prison.
The U. Law enforcement and intelligence services in the U. As more people use faxes and e-mail the significance of surveilling the postal system is decreasing, in favor of Internet and telephone surveillance. But interception of post is still an available option for law enforcement and intelligence agencies, in certain circumstances. Central Intelligence Agency and Federal Bureau of Investigation have performed twelve separate mail-opening campaigns targeted towards U. In one of these programs, more than , communications were intercepted, opened, and photographed.
A stakeout is the coordinated surveillance of a location or person. Stakeouts are generally performed covertly and for the purpose of gathering evidence related to criminal activity. The term derives from the practice by land surveyors of using survey stakes to measure out an area before the main building project is commenced.
The management of wildlife populations often requires surveillance. This includes, for example surveillance of 1 Invasive species  location and abundance for more effective management,  2 illegal fishers and poachers   to reduce harvest and overexploitation of natural resources, 3 the population abundances of endangered species to decrease the risk of extinction, and 4 wildlife diseases that can damage crops, agriculture and natural populations.
Supporters of surveillance systems believe that these tools can help protect society from terrorists and criminals. They argue that surveillance can reduce crime by three means: by deterrence, by observation, and by reconstruction. Surveillance can deter by increasing the chance of being caught, and by revealing the modus operandi. This requires a minimal level of invasiveness. Another method on how surveillance can be used to fight criminal activity is by linking the information stream obtained from them to a recognition system for instance, a camera system that has its feed run through a facial recognition system.
This can for instance auto-recognize fugitives and direct police to their location. A distinction here has to be made however on the type of surveillance employed. Some people that say support video surveillance in city streets may not support indiscriminate telephone taps and vice versa. Besides the types, the way in how this surveillance is done also matters a lot; i.
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Surveillance can also be used to give human operatives a tactical advantage through improved situational awareness, or through the use of automated processes, i. Surveillance can help reconstruct an incident and prove guilt through the availability of footage for forensics experts. Surveillance can also influence subjective security if surveillance resources are visible or if the consequences of surveillance can be felt.
Some of the surveillance systems such as the camera system that has its feed run through a facial recognition system mentioned above can also have other uses besides countering criminal activity. For instance, it can help on retrieving runaway children, abducted or missing adults and mentally disabled people. Other supporters simply believe that there is nothing that can be done about the loss of privacy, and that people must become accustomed to having no privacy. Get over it. Another common argument is: " If you aren't doing something wrong then you don't have anything to fear.
However, if they are following the law the surveillance would not affect them. With the advent of programs such as the Total Information Awareness program and ADVISE , technologies such as high speed surveillance computers and biometrics software, and laws such as the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act , governments now possess an unprecedented ability to monitor the activities of their subjects.
Fears such as this have led to numerous lawsuits such as Hepting v. Some critics state that the claim made by supporters should be modified to read: "As long as we do what we're told, we have nothing to fear. For instance, a person who is part of a political group which opposes the policies of the national government, might not want the government to know their names and what they have been reading, so that the government cannot easily subvert their organization, arrest, or kill them.
Other critics state that while a person might not have anything to hide right now, the government might later implement policies that they do wish to oppose, and that opposition might then be impossible due to mass surveillance enabling the government to identify and remove political threats. Further, other critics point to the fact that most people do have things to hide. For example, if a person is looking for a new job, they might not want their current employer to know this.
Also if an employer wishes total privacy to watch over their own employee and secure their financial information it may become impossible, and they may not wish to hire those under surveillance. The most concern of detriment is securing the lives of those who live under total surveillance willingly, educating the public to those under peaceful watch while identifying terrorist and those who use the same surveillance systems and mechanisms in opposition to peace, against civilians, and to disclose lives removed from the laws of the land. In addition, a significant risk of private data collection stems from the fact that this risk is too much unknown to be readily assessed today.
Storage is cheap enough to have data stored forever, and the models using which it will be analyzed in a decade from now cannot reasonably be foreseen. In December , the Government of China took steps to oppose widespread surveillance by security-company cameras, webcams, and IP Cameras after tens-of-thousands were made accessible for internet viewing by IT company Qihoo . Kate Martin, of the Center For National Security Studies said of the use of military spy satellites being used to monitor the activities of U. Never thought of cell phone spy, of any spy, if it comes to that, but They say, it's better to see once that to hear million times.
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